Cervicalgia or Neck Pain – Symptoms, Causes & How to Fix It

last updated October 31 0 comments

what is cervicalgia


Cervicalgia might sound like a complex term, but its impact is something many can resonate with – it's the persistent neck pain that holds you back from embracing life fully. Whether it's turning your head without discomfort, having a peaceful night's sleep, or simply enjoying a moment of relaxation, cervicalgia seems to make its presence felt. In this article, we dive deep into the intricacies of cervicalgia, highlighting its root causes, many of which are linked to our daily habits and postures. Our aim is to arm you with essential knowledge, empowering you to break free from this pain by addressing its origins. Together, we can navigate the path to sustainable relief and reclaim the quality of life you deserve.

What is Cervicalgia?

Cervicalgia stands as a distinct form of neck pain defined by two specific criteria: 1) it arises due to sudden or recurring pressure on the neck, and importantly, 2) it remains localized, not radiating to other parts of the body. This confinement of pain sets cervicalgia apart from other neck pain forms. For instance, certain neck pain types exert so much pressure on the skull that they lead to cervicogenic headaches. Others, like the discomfort from a pinched nerve, can travel down the back and even to the arms. However, cervicalgia stays rooted in one spot, making its identification and differentiation crucial for tailored treatment approaches.

What are the Symptoms of Cervicalgia?

symptoms of cervicalgia

Those experiencing cervicalgia may report a range of symptoms, including:

  • Stiff neck, often worsening after prolonged periods in a single position
  • Sharp pain localized in the neck region
  • Muscle spasms or tension in the upper back and neck muscles
  • Restricted range of motion

Recognizing these symptoms early can significantly impact the success of interventions.

What Causes Cervicalgia?

The common cause of cervicalgia, while sometimes elusive in its origins, is often related to several common factors:

  1. Muscle strains or ligament sprains: These can arise from sudden movements, lifting heavy objects improperly, or even from sleeping in an awkward position.
  2. Herniated discs: When the discs between our cervical vertebrae become herniated or bulge out, they can press onto the spinal nerves, leading to pain.
  3. Whiplash: Often a result of car accidents, sports injuries, or unexpected falls, whiplash is a sudden jerking motion of the head, which can lead to intense neck pain.
  4. Degenerative conditions: This includes diseases like degenerative disc disease, osteoporosis, and osteoarthritis, where the natural wear and tear or degeneration of spinal components leads to pain.
can poor posture cause neck pain

How Our Modern Lifestyles and Poor Posture Cause Neck Pain

The rapid evolution of technology has transformed the way we work, play, and communicate. However, our postural habits haven't necessarily evolved for the better. Extended periods of sitting, consistent use of gadgets, and a sedentary lifestyle can be detrimental to our posture and health.

  1. The Postural Chain Reaction: Poor postural alignment, especially in the lower back and pelvis, can set off a chain reaction. Misalignments in these areas can travel up the spinal column, culminating in neck pain, headaches, shoulder pain, and many more symptoms. It’s a testament to the elaborate interconnectedness of our body.
  2. The Underlying Culprit: At the heart of muscle strains, herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, and osteoarthritis often lie faulty postural alignment. For instance, continuous slouching or forward head posture can increase the load on the lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spine. Over time, this additional strain can lead to disc herniation or expedite the degeneration of the cervical vertebrae.
  3. The Weight of Imbalance: A misaligned posture redistributes the weight and forces that our spine and supporting muscles must bear. For instance, for every inch your head moves forward out of alignment, it effectively increases the weight your neck has to support by an additional 10 pounds. Over time, this imbalance can lead to muscle strain and wear and tear on the cervical discs and joints, setting the stage for conditions many medical professionals pinpoint as causes of neck pain.

By understanding the intricate role posture plays in our risk factors of overall spinal health, we pave the way for more holistic and long-term solutions to cervicalgia and its underlying causes.

The Posture Paradigm: Common Causes of Neck Pain

poor posture and pain connection

Poor posture isn't just about a slouched back or uneven shoulders; it can manifest in various ways, contributing to discomfort and long-term complications if not addressed. Over time, these postures can strain muscles, ligaments, and even the cervical spine itself. Here's a rundown of some commonly observed postural issues that might be contributing to your neck pain:

  • Tech Neck: This is prevalent in our digital age, where people bend their necks to look down at devices for extended periods. The increased forward angle places excessive stress on the neck muscles and cervical spine.
  • Forward Head Posture: Often due to prolonged sitting and poor ergonomic setups, this posture sees the head leaning forward, away from its neutral position, leading to increased strain on the neck muscles.
  • Rounded Shoulders: Common with desk jobs and excessive smartphone use, the shoulders move forward, leading to an imbalance in muscle use and placing extra tension on the neck.
  • Hyperextended Neck: Some people (commonly those with kyphosis) push their heads forward unconsciously, especially when focusing. This excessive extension places undue stress on the vertebrae in the neck.
  • Hunched Back: A rounded upper back, or thoracic kyphosis, changes the neck's natural curvature, leading to strain and pain over time.
  • Uneven Shoulders: Whether due to muscle imbalances, scoliosis, or frequent use of one side more than the other, uneven shoulders can tilt the neck, causing strain and discomfort.

Recognizing these postures in yourself is the first step toward correction. By being mindful of your alignment and making necessary adjustments, you are paving the way toward a healthier, pain-free neck.

Traditional Treatments for Neck Pain

Many turn to over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, for immediate relief. While anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants offer short-term pain relief, they don't address the root causes. Physical therapy, ice packs, and heat applications are other common remedies that typically focus on the pain site without considering the whole-body perspective.

In their quest for relief, many individuals gravitate toward over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen (Tylenol). And while anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants may provide a welcomed, albeit temporary, respite from pain, they primarily mask the symptoms rather than fix the root cause of the discomfort. It's like putting a bandaid on a bullet wound.

Physical therapy, ice packs, and heat applications are other go-to solutions, and they too, have their merits. These interventions aim to break the pain-spasm cycle and often produce temporary relief. However, more often than not, they predominantly target the site of pain without taking a comprehensive, whole-body perspective. Without addressing the root causes, the pain becomes recurrent, necessitating a repeated return to these symptom-based interventions. This cycle can become physically, financially, and emotionally draining over time.

Posture: The Whole-Body Solution to Neck Pain

posture coaching in boston and los angeles and virtual

Enter posture—an often overlooked yet profound influencer of our overall health. Posture, when viewed from a holistic standpoint, provides an understanding of how various parts of our body relate to and affect one another. The prevalence, for example, is for those suffering from neck pain to also have lower back pain and other musculoskeletal issues. With whole-body postural therapy, you gain insight into the mechanics of how you move, sit, stand, and lie down.

By focusing on postural alignment, we're diving deeper than just the symptoms; we're addressing the source of the pain and limitations. Activ8 Posture’s holistic approach, which considers the body an interconnected system, is pivotal for sustainable, long-term improvements. Instead of merely treating pain when it appears, proper postural alignment ensures that the underlying issues leading to cervicalgia are corrected. As a result, not only is the immediate pain tackled head-on, but the groundwork is laid to prevent potential future flare-ups.

In essence, while traditional treatments can offer a brief hiatus from pain, realigning one's posture provides a blueprint for lasting wellness, ensuring that the vicious cycle of chronic neck pain is finally broken.

Prevention: Protecting Your Neck Health

There's profound wisdom in the saying, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." The journey to neck health isn't just about treating pain when it arises; it's about cultivating daily habits that preemptively keep cervicalgia at bay. Emphasizing the importance of a neutral, S-shaped spinal alignment, it's vital to commit to exercises that foster both flexibility and strength in our body.

Additionally, an ergonomic workspace — tailored to support your body's natural alignment — is important. By proactively incorporating these practices into our daily routine, we don't merely react to pain; we stay several steps ahead, ensuring cervicalgia remains a stranger to our lives.

Posture Check: Could Your Poor Posture Be Behind Your Neck Pain?

neck pain head forward wall test

Your overall posture tells a story that's written all the way up to your neck. By conducting a simple posture check, you can gain insight into potential misalignments that can be contributing causes of neck pain. Here are three posture tests to help you uncover if your body's alignment might be the culprit:

  1. Mirror Assessment: Begin by standing in front of a full-length mirror. Assess the evenness of your shoulders. Is one higher than the other? Next, observe your head. Does it tilt to one side, or does it lean forward? These could be tell-tale signs of postural imbalances that factor into your neck pain.
  2. Wall Test: Stand with your back against a wall, removing your shoes for this test. Ensure that your heels, buttocks, and the back of your head are touching the wall. Slide a hand behind your lower back. If there's a large gap, it indicates an exaggerated lumbar curve. Similarly, try the same at your neck. Excessive space here might suggest forward head posture – both potential contributors to cervicalgia.
  3. Balance Test: Close your eyes and stand with your feet hip-width apart. Do you feel more weight on one foot than the other? Or perhaps on the balls of your feet rather than the heels? Imbalances in weight distribution can give clues about misalignments in your lower body, which can work their way up, culminating in neck strain.

Awareness is the first step towards correcting posture-related issues. And if you're seeking expert insight, scheduling a free posture assessment with one of our posture therapists at Activ8 Posture can offer more insights into your body's alignment and potential solutions.

Get Started on the Road to Restoring Your Neck Health

Schedule Your Free Consultation and Posture Assessment with an Activ8 Posture Therapist today, and take the first step toward a pain-free life.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does cervicalgia mean in medical terms?

Cervicalgia refers to pain experienced in the neck and shoulder region. This pain can fluctuate in intensity, sometimes feeling like a dull ache and at other times resembling an electric shock radiating from the neck down to the arm. While cervicalgia can sometimes be linked to specific underlying diseases, it often arises from everyday activities and habits. Common non-disease-related causes include prolonged straining of the neck (such as consistently looking up or down), sleeping in a position that puts undue stress on the neck, experiencing high stress levels, or even wearing heavy necklaces.

How do you fix cervicalgia?

Treatment options vary based on the cause. From symptom-based treatments like pain relievers and physical therapy to holistic solutions such as postural therapy and acupuncture, a tailored approach is best. Always consult with a healthcare professional, getting more than one opinion as necessary.

Is cervicalgia serious?

Persistent or severe pain should always be evaluated. While cervicalgia describes neck pain without a direct cause, it could be symptomatic of underlying serious conditions such as nerve root impingement (radiculopathy), cervical stenosis, or meningitis.

Is cervicalgia a pinched nerve?

Not always. Cervicalgia is a broad term, and while a pinched nerve can cause neck pain, they aren't synonymous.

Is cervicalgia a disability?

Alone, it isn't classified as a disability. However, if associated with severe conditions or significant mobility issues, it might be.

Read Next:

Symptoms, Causes, and How to Overcome Front Neck Pain