Understanding Musculoskeletal Pain: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

last updated April 9 0 comments


Musculoskeletal pain in low back

Living with musculoskeletal pain can feel like an unwelcome intrusion into your daily life that casts a shadow on the simplest tasks and activities. Millions of people worldwide face this nagging ache each year, grappling with the discomfort brought on by injuries, overuse, weakness, or factors related to poor posture. If you're one of the countless individuals who have experienced this stubborn pain, you know all too well how it disrupts your daily routine, making it difficult to fully enjoy life.

The term "musculoskeletal pain" encompasses a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions that affect the soft tissues of the body (i.e., muscles, bones, joints, tendons, fascia, and ligaments). One crucial aspect that is often overlooked is the significant role that posture plays in contributing to these disorders and chronic pain. By exploring the underlying causes, symptoms, and treatment options with a keen focus on the impact of posture, you'll be better prepared to take back control and navigate a path toward effectively managing and preventing this persistent pain.

As you tackle this journey, know that you're not alone— countless others are navigating similar challenges. And together, we can work towards a better understanding, treatment, and ultimate relief from the burden of musculoskeletal pain.

What is Musculoskeletal Pain?

Musculoskeletal pain describes the aches, pains, and soreness in various areas of the muscular and skeletal systems. The intensity of pain will range from mild discomfort to severe, debilitating pain. Pain conditions are categorized as acute, resulting from injury or overuse, or chronic, persisting for weeks, months, or years. From a functional-biomechanical perspective, the role of posture in each type of musculoskeletal pain is an essential aspect to consider.

Musculoskeletal pain neck tension

Types of Musculoskeletal Pain

Muscle pain:

Poor posture, by definition, means there are muscle imbalances. These imbalances cause strain or overuse in certain areas, resulting in pain that may be localized or felt throughout the body. For example, sitting hunched over a desk for extended periods can lead to tight chest muscles and weak upper back muscles, causing discomfort and tension.

Joint pain:

Misaligned posture places excessive stress on joints, causing inflammation or injury. Affected areas often include the knees, hips, shoulders, and wrists, which can be further exacerbated by conditions like arthritis, bursitis, or tendonitis. For instance, slouching or uneven weight distribution can cause increased pressure on the knee joints, leading to pain and discomfort.

Bone pain:

While bone pain typically stems from fractures, infections, or tumors, poor posture can contribute by placing abnormal stress on the skeletal system, exacerbating the discomfort. An example would be the development of spinal curvatures, such as scoliosis or kyphosis, due to poor posture over time, leading to persistent back pain.

Tendon and ligament pain:

Improper alignment strains tendons and ligaments, leading to injuries or inflammation. Examples include tendonitis and sprains, which can occur after sudden movements or overuse. For instance, repetitive strain on the wrist from poor ergonomics while typing can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome.


Although the exact cause of fibromyalgia isn't clear, some experts believe that poor posture plays a significant role. Fibromyalgia symptoms often include musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tender points associated with this chronic condition. Maintaining a slumped posture for extended periods may exacerbate the symptoms experienced by individuals with fibromyalgia.

Understanding the different types of musculoskeletal pain and their connection to posture-related issues is crucial for accurate diagnosis and treatment. By addressing the root causes of musculoskeletal disorders and the poor posture alignments behind them, eliminating musculoskeletal pain becomes more sustainable and long-lasting. For many, they don’t want to be taking acetaminophen, NSAIDS (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), or opioids for problems beyond the acute pain phase due to the side effects. Using posture-corrective exercises as the solution is not only able to help with pain relief, but will also help improve balance, strength, and functional movement, all of which add up to an increase in your quality of life.

Common Causes of Musculoskeletal Pain

The risk factors that lead to musculoskeletal pain not only vary by individual but often are multi-factorial. Poor posture often accompanies other reasons and should not be overlooked. Here are some of the most common causes:

posture therapy exercises posture diagram

1. Poor Posture

Poor posture compounds over time, whether through prolonged sitting, standing, or repeated patterns of movement, leading to muscle imbalances, joint stress, and excessive strain on the body. As a result, pain can occur in one or more areas of the musculoskeletal system, depending on how the body is aligned and how it is being used. Though any part of the body may be susceptible, the pain points most often associated with poor posture include the neck, shoulders, back, hips, and knees.

2. Sedentary Lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle, including prolonged sitting or inactivity, weakens muscles and causes stiffness. This contributes to poor posture, limited range of motion, and, ultimately, musculoskeletal pain.

3. Repetitive Strain

Repetitive movements or tasks, often experienced in occupational settings, can lead to muscle imbalances and strain on joints and soft tissue structures. Poor posture during these tasks can exacerbate the issue, causing increased discomfort and pain.

4. Injuries

Injuries like sprains, strains, or fractures also cause musculoskeletal pain. Poor posture before or after an injury may prolong the healing process and contribute to chronic pain, especially when the root cause is not being addressed.

5. Biomechanical Imbalances

Imbalances in the body's biomechanics, such as uneven hips, uneven shoulders, or misaligned feet, impact the rest of the body’s posture and lead to musculoskeletal pain as the body tries to compensate for these imbalances.

6. Muscle Weakness

Weak or underused muscles contribute to poor posture, placing undue stress on other muscles, joints, and connective tissues. The lack of stability and mobility in key areas of the body results in musculoskeletal pain.

7. Aging

As the body ages, it experiences natural wear and tear on the joints and decreased muscle mass. These physiological changes make it more challenging to maintain proper posture, leading to an increased risk of musculoskeletal pain.

8. Poor Footwear

Shoes that do not provide adequate support or are the wrong size can contribute to poor posture and biomechanical issues, leading to musculoskeletal pain. In addition, reliance on footwear to support the feet and joints of the body will lead to muscle weakness.

9. Obesity

Carrying excess weight places additional stress on the musculoskeletal system, particularly the joints and spine. This leads to poor movement, compromised posture, and musculoskeletal pain. The vicious cycle of poor posture leading to pain, pain leading to less activity or altered alignment, and the posture worsening to repeat the cycle needs to be addressed.

Understanding the interworking of these common causes of musculoskeletal pain helps posture therapists effectively address and treat the underlying issues related to posture and function, allowing for the development of personalized treatment plans to alleviate pain and improve overall health and wellness.

The Most Common Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Pain

As posture therapists, we see a number of musculoskeletal pains among our clients. These pains are often linked to postural issues and imbalances in the body. Here are a few of the most frequently encountered musculoskeletal pains:

Musculoskeletal pain sciatica

Low Back Pain

One of the most prevalent complaints, lower back pain is many times caused by poor posture, muscle imbalances, and prolonged sitting. The lumbar spine is particularly susceptible to strain when the body's alignment is compromised.

Neck Pain

Poor posture, especially when using electronic devices or engaging in tasks that promote a forward head position, can lead to muscle strain and tension in the neck. This can result in chronic neck pain and stiffness.


Sciatica is a type of pain that originates in the lower back and travels down the sciatic nerve, which runs through the buttock and down the back of the leg. Often caused by poor posture, muscle imbalances, and prolonged sitting, sciatica can be both debilitating and frustrating. When the body's alignment is compromised, it can lead to increased pressure on the sciatic nerve, resulting in pain, numbness, or tingling sensations.

Shoulder Pain

Rounded or hunched shoulders, a common postural issue, can cause pain and discomfort in the shoulder joints and surrounding muscles. This may be further exacerbated by repetitive movements or occupational tasks that place strain on the shoulder area.

Hip Pain

Poor posture and muscle imbalances can cause the hips to become misaligned, leading to pain and discomfort. Prolonged sitting and inactivity may also contribute to tight hip muscles and imbalances.

Knee Pain

Misalignment in the hips, pelvis, or feet can cause biomechanical issues that place excessive strain on the knees, leading to pain and discomfort. Additionally, poor posture during physical activities, such as running or squatting, can exacerbate knee pain.

Tension Headaches

Muscle tension and strain in the neck, shoulders, and upper back due to poor posture can result in tension headaches. These headaches often feel like a tight band around the head and are accompanied by neck stiffness or pain.

Plantar Fasciitis

Misaligned feet or poor footwear contribute to plantar fasciitis, a painful inflammation of the tissue on the bottom of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is also exacerbated by poor posture and muscle imbalances throughout the body.

By understanding the connection between posture and musculoskeletal pain, a critical link is bridged to manage and prevent discomfort throughout the body effectively. By identifying common musculoskeletal pains, posture therapists can create targeted treatment plans to address the underlying postural issues and help clients find relief from their discomfort.

Addressing the root cause of pain, such as sciatica, often involves correcting poor posture and muscle imbalances. Focusing on proper alignment and incorporating targeted exercises allows individuals to alleviate pain and reduce the likelihood of recurrence. Ultimately, recognizing and addressing the role of posture in musculoskeletal pain paves the way for long-lasting relief.

Prevention and Pain Management

Preventing and managing musculoskeletal pain often begins with addressing postural imbalances and adopting healthy habits. As posture therapy providers, we recommend several strategies to help clients minimize their risk of developing pain and manage existing issues:

Musculoskeletal pain posture therapy

Posture Awareness

Becoming aware of how your body aligns through a posture assessment is key to understanding its effects on how you move throughout the day. Mindfulness of your body's alignment while sitting, standing, or doing corrective exercises tailored for you will help further recognize where you may be compromised. Regularly checking in with a posture therapist will ensure you maintain proper posture and adjust as needed.

Ergonomic Workspaces

Set up your workspace to promote proper posture. Ensure that your chair supports the natural curve of your spine and that your computer screen is at eye level. Position your keyboard and mouse so that your wrists remain straight, and take regular breaks to stand up and move around. You can gauge how well you are set up with our ergonomics and posture checklist.

Stretching and Strengthening

Incorporate regular stretching and strengthening exercises into your daily routine to address muscle imbalances, improve flexibility, and maintain good posture. Focus on exercises that target commonly tight areas, such as the chest, hips, and hamstrings, and strengthen weak muscles, including the upper back and core. Even better, balance your body with the help of a posture-corrective exercise specialist.

Physical Activity

Engage in regular physical activity to help maintain overall musculoskeletal health. Choose activities that promote good posture and body awareness, and avoid sitting for long periods. Of course, if you encounter severe pain or musculoskeletal injuries with activity, you should align your body before pushing yourself. Get straight, then strengthen.

Proper Footwear

Invest in supportive, well-fitting shoes that provide adequate arch support and cushioning until you are able to rely less on the shoe for support. Avoid high heels or shoes with a narrow toe box, as they can contribute to foot misalignment and exacerbate musculoskeletal issues. As you work on your posture and function of your body, you should be able to move to a simpler, more barefoot-style shoe.

Body Mechanics

Be mindful of how you lift, carry, and perform other daily tasks. Use proper body mechanics to avoid placing unnecessary strain on your muscles and joints. Getting your body aligned and ready to move properly goes a long way in preparing your body for more demand.

Professional Guidance

Seek the help of a posture therapist or other qualified professionals to assess your posture, identify any imbalances or alignment issues, and create a tailored plan to address your specific needs.

By implementing these prevention and management strategies, you can improve your posture, reduce your risk of developing musculoskeletal pain, and better manage existing pain. Remember, consistency is key when it comes to maintaining good posture and overall musculoskeletal health.

Get to the Root Cause of your Musculoskeletal Pain with Activ8 Posture

At Activ8 Posture, we understand that treating musculoskeletal pain effectively involves identifying and addressing the root cause of the problem. Different than traditional physical therapy, we take a whole-body, holistic view of the body versus treating the symptom area in isolation. As posture therapists, we utilize a comprehensive approach to help clients overcome their pain and discomfort by focusing on postural imbalances and alignment issues.

Activ8 Posture Exercise Therapy Program

1. Comprehensive Posture Assessment

After an initial discovery call, we begin by conducting a thorough posture assessment to identify the misalignments, muscle imbalances, or structural issues that are likely contributing to your pain. This includes an evaluation of your static and dynamic posture and a discussion of your daily activities, work environment, and exercise habits.

2. Customized Treatment Plan

Based on the findings from your assessment, we develop a personalized treatment plan that targets the root cause of your pain. This plan may include a combination of corrective exercises, stretches, ergonomic recommendations, and lifestyle modifications to improve your posture and alleviate discomfort.

3. Ongoing Support and Education

At Activ8 Posture, we believe that client education is crucial for long-term success. We provide you with the knowledge and tools necessary to maintain good posture and prevent future musculoskeletal issues. We offer ongoing support and guidance as you progress through your treatment plan, making adjustments as needed to ensure optimal results.

4. Integrative Approach

We recognize that every individual is unique and may require a combination of therapies to effectively address their musculoskeletal pain. Our integrative approach allows us to work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as chiropractors, physical therapists, and massage therapists, to ensure a comprehensive and holistic treatment plan.

5. Prevention Strategies

In addition to addressing the root cause of your pain, we strongly emphasize prevention. Our goal is to equip you with the skills and knowledge necessary to maintain good posture, avoid future pain, and enjoy a better quality of life.

By taking a proactive approach to musculoskeletal pain and focusing on the underlying postural issues, Activ8 Posture can help you achieve lasting relief and improved overall well-being. Don't let pain hold you back – contact us today to schedule your comprehensive posture assessment and take the first step towards a pain-free life.


The statistics say that musculoskeletal pain will significantly impact your quality of life at some point, making even the simplest tasks challenging and uncomfortable. By understanding the common causes, symptoms, and types of musculoskeletal pain, you can take proactive steps to address the issue and find relief. Through posture therapy, we encourage individuals to focus on the importance of proper posture and alignment in preventing and managing musculoskeletal pain.

At Activ8 Posture, we are committed to helping you identify and address the root cause of your pain through a comprehensive approach that includes posture assessment, customized treatment plans, ongoing support, and education. As your guide, we empower you to overcome musculoskeletal pain, improve your posture, and, ultimately, enhance your health and wellness through the many benefits of good posture.

Don't let musculoskeletal pain control your life. Reach out to Activ8 Posture today to schedule your discovery call and comprehensive posture assessment to begin your journey toward a healthier, more balanced, and pain-free life.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the most common causes of low back pain?

Poor posture is a leading cause of low back pain, as well as muscle strain, herniated discs, and spinal stenosis. It's important to get a posture assessment and consider posture therapy to address any underlying postural issues that may contribute to low back pain.

Can poor posture cause neck pain?

Yes, poor posture is a common cause of neck pain. Examples of poor postures that can lead to neck pain include forward head posture and rounded shoulders. A posture assessment will help identify postural imbalances that may contribute to neck pain, and posture therapy will help address those imbalances.

How can exercise help manage musculoskeletal pain?

Regular exercise and stretching can improve muscle strength and flexibility, which can help prevent overuse injuries and improve overall musculoskeletal health. Examples of exercises that can help with musculoskeletal pain include low-impact activities such as walking, swimming, and yoga. For specific help with your condition, however, individualized posture therapy will give you guidance on exercises that best fit your situation.

What is arthritis and how does it cause pain?

Arthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can cause pain and inflammation in the joints. Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis, is often caused by wear and tear on the joints over time. Regular exercise and a healthy diet are recommended to help manage arthritis symptoms, but working with a posture therapist will help you develop a comprehensive treatment plan.

Can ergonomic adjustments help prevent musculoskeletal pain?

Yes, making ergonomic adjustments to your work environment can help prevent repetitive stress injuries and other types of musculoskeletal pain. Examples of ergonomic adjustments include adjusting your chair height, computer screen height, and keyboard position. Consider getting a posture assessment to identify any ergonomic adjustments you may need to make, as well as work on the body you’re taking to your workstation.

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